Diwali Puja. The word Deepawali comes from the word the Sanskrit word deep, which means an Indian lantern/lamp. The day also marks a major shopping day to purchase new utensils, home equipment, jewellery, firecrackers, and other items. Because I want my Diwali honeymoon to be special. Kinder zünden Feuerwerkskörper an, um den festlichen Geist von Diwali zu genießen. The famous Golden Temple at Amritsar is lit in the evening with thousands of lamps.Â. A variety of entertainments are usually available for inhabitants of the local community to enjoy. [113], On Yama Deepam (Yama Dipadana, Jam ke Diya), Hindus lights a diya, ideally made of wheat flour and filled with sesame oil, that faces south in the back of their homes. An erster Stelle steht natürlich der Bruder. Critics stated that the ruling was judicial over-reach and a bias against Hindu culture, while supporters stated that it would be beneficial to public health. Es ist ein religiöses Fest im Hinduismus. A variety of sweets are prepared using flour, semolina, rice, chickpea flour, dry fruit pieces powders or paste, milk solids (mawa or khoya) and clarified butter (ghee). [133][134] According to Pintchman, who quotes Raghavan, this ritual may also be linked to the tradition in some communities of paying respect to ancestors. [47][122], The youngest members in the family visit their elders, such as grandparents and other senior members of the community, on this day. [73][74] Another early 13th-century Sanskrit stone inscription, written in the Devanagari script, has been found in the north end of a mosque pillar in Jalore, Rajasthan evidently built using materials from a demolished Jain temple. [143] In historic times, this was a day in autumn when brothers would travel to meet their sisters, or invite their sister's family to their village to celebrate their sister-brother bond with the bounty of seasonal harvests. The day before Diwali is remembered as Naraka Chaturdasi, the day on which Narakasura was killed by Krishna. [51] In Nepal, it is also a multiday festival, although the days and rituals are named differently, with the climax being called the Tihar festival by Hindus and Swanti festival by Buddhists. [106] A symbolic piece of traditional fertiliser, a dried piece of cow dung, is included in the ensemble in Odisha and Deccan region villages, an agricultural motif according to Kinsley. He has written several books about Hinduism for children and young adults. Sometimes these are wrapped with edible silver foil (vark). [180][181] As crop productivity per hectare has increased with mechanised harvesting, this has led to the practice becoming more widespread in the northern and northwestern regions of India in the months when Diwali is observed. Diwali was celebrated as a significance of triumph of good over evil after Krishna's Victory over Narakasura. It is... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Each day of Diwali has its own tale to tell. It is actually Deepaavalihi. [4], This day is commonly celebrated as Diwali in Tamil Nadu, Goa, and Karnataka. The name Diwali comes from a Sanskrit word that means “row of lights.” The holiday is often called the Festival of Lights. Halwasind kleine quadratische Süßigkeiten, die mit Nüssengefüllt und bunt verziert sind. All of the simple rituals of Diwali have a significance and a story behind them. Communities prepare over one hundred dishes from a variety of ingredients, which is then dedicated to Krishna before shared among the community. Hindus, in particular, have a ritual oil bath at dawn on each day of the festival. It is believed that spirits roam around on the night of Kali Chaudas, and Hanuman, who is the deity of strength, power, and protection, is worshipped to seek protection from the spirits. Diwali along with Holi for Hindus, and Easter for Christians, was adopted as public holiday resolution by Pakistan's parliament in 2016, giving the local governments and public institutions the right to declare Holi as a holiday and grant leave for its minority communities, for the first time. Deepawali, Deepavali, or Diwali is the biggest and the brightest of all Hindu festivals. [43][44] The term is derived from the Sanskrit words dīpa, "lamp, light, lantern, candle, that which glows, shines, illuminates or knowledge"[45] and āvali, "a row, range, continuous line, series". Earlier in the season's fortnight, some welcome the souls of their ancestors to join the family for the festivities with the Mahalaya. Nach meinen Eindrücken ist Diwali wie eine exotische Mischung aus Weihnachten und Silvester: Man feiert und beschenkt sich in der ganzen Familie, sitzt zusammen, isst und singt. [99] The festival of Diwali, according to Ray Colledge, highlights three events in Sikh history: the founding of the city of Amritsar in 1577, the release of Guru Hargobind from the Mughal prison, and the day of Bhai Mani Singh's martyrdom in 1738 as a result of his failure to pay a fine for trying to celebrate Diwali and thereafter refusing to convert to Islam. Die Desserts aus Diwali sind so reichhaltig und lecker, dass es einfach unmöglich ist, sie gehen zu lassen, während jeder in Ihrer Familie Bissen isst. Lord Ganesha—the elephant-headed god and symbol of auspiciousness and wisdom—is also worshiped in most Hindu homes on this day. Foto: sporadic. [180] The smoke from the burning of the fields is carried by seasonal winds over the floodplain, where it is inverted by the colder winds and spread throughout the region for much of the winter. Wasser, Chai-Tee oder Kokosmilchsind die üblichen Getränke. Shri Laxmi wird in Indien an Diwali verehrt, weil ein großer Rakshasa (Dämon), namens Narakasura getötet wurde und auch deshalb, weil Shri Laxmi zur selben Zeit dem Meer entstiegen ist – lange, lange Zeit zuvor. Heute haben wir uns hier versammelt, um Shri Laxmi zu verehren. [95][96] This traditional belief of the origin of Diwali, and its significance to Jains, is reflected in their historic artworks such as paintings. Shiva surrenders his shirt and adornments to her, rendering him naked. Dates for 2020 to 2025, The Prayer Hymn (Aarti) for the Hindu Diwali Celebration, Lakshmi: The Hindu Goddess of Wealth and Beauty, Full and New Moon Hindu Rituals and Dates, M.A., English Literature, University of North Bengal. This legend is remembered through the ritual of building small mountain-like miniatures from cow dung. When the heart has considerably hardened, only a continuous celebration of Deepavali can rekindle the urgent need of turning away from the ruinous path of hatred. It is with each Deepawali and the lights that illuminate our homes and hearts that this simple truth finds new reason and hope. [162] In 2020, the INDF ETF was launched to mark the start of Diwali. The authors concluded that the contribution of the festival fireworks could lead to a 1.3% increase in the non-carcinogenic hazard index. [13][126][127] After the puja, people go outside and celebrate by lighting up patakhe (fireworks) together, and then share a family feast and mithai (sweets, desserts). [130][131] While the cleaning, or painting, of the home is in part for goddess Lakshmi, it also signifies the ritual "reenactment of the cleansing, purifying action of the monsoon rains" that would have concluded in most of the Indian subcontinent. Zu den Köstlichkeiten, die Inder neben Wärme und Liebe verteilen, gehören Ladoos, eine traditionelle Süßspeise aus Kichererbsenmehl, Jalebis, fritierte süße Kringel und Gulab Jamun – frittierte Teigbällchen mit Zuckersirup. It begins in [119][123] Shops either do not open or close early on this day allowing employees to enjoy family time. Diwali is een van de belangrijkste feesten in het hindoeïsme. Die mythologischen Bezüge von Diwali sind je nach Landesteil verschieden. In some parts of India, the day after Lakshmi Puja is marked with the Govardhan Puja and Balipratipada (Padwa). Sie ist die Göttin des Glücks und des Reichtums. Subhamoy Das is the co-author of "Applied Hinduism: Ancient Wisdom for Today's World." Reasons to Celebrate Diwali the Festival of Lights, When Is Diwali (Deepavali)? [89] The telling of these myths are a reminder of the Hindu belief that good ultimately triumphs over evil. [15] During Diwali, people wear their finest clothes, illuminate the interior and exterior of their homes with diyas and rangoli, perform worship ceremonies of Lakshmi, the goddess of prosperity and wealth,[note 1] light fireworks, and partake in family feasts, where mithai (sweets) and gifts are shared. Rise and shine. The best and finest illuminations can be seen in Bombay and Amritsar. [139][143], The day celebrates the sibling bond between brother and sister. [106] Another aspect of the festival is remembering the ancestors. [178] The tradition of annual Diwali fireworks has caused widespread coverage in Indian media, where debate has centred on air quality within Indian cities in autumn and winter and the role the fireworks play. It is on the third day of Deepawali, Kartika Shudda Padyami, that Bali steps out of hell and rules the earth according to the boon given by Lord Vishnu. Sintra, Lisbon (Portugal) – 2 November 1997. [55][56] Rajasekhara referred to Deepavali as Dipamalika in his 9th century Kavyamimamsa, wherein he mentions the tradition of homes being whitewashed and oil lamps decorated homes, streets and markets in the night. [62][63][note 4][note 5], Publications from the British colonial era also made mention of Diwali, such as the note on Hindu festivals published in 1799 by Sir William Jones, a philologist known for his early observations on Sanskrit and Indo-European languages. He explained that though the actual Hindu festival day is the same, it is identified differently in regional calendars because there are two traditions in the Hindu calendar. Still another possible reason has a more scientific basis: the fumes produced by the firecrackers kill or repel many insects, including mosquitoes, which are plentiful after the rains. Illuminate your inner self. Diwali ist mit dem deutschen Weihnachtsfest vergleichbar, da es ebenso freudvoll und von einem spirituellen Charakter geprägt ist. This is believed to please Yama (Yamraj), the god of death, and to ward off untimely death. [161] About two-thirds of Indian households, according to the ASSOCHAM forecast, would spend between ₹5,000 (US$70) and ₹10,000 (US$140) to celebrate Diwali in 2017. Und abends geht’s erst richtig ab: Nachdem der typische Zündeler seine Böller alle schon am Vormittag verschossen hat, startet die Mehrheit jetzt ihr Feuerwerk! In joyous celebration of the return of their king, the people of Ayodhya, the capital of Rama, illuminated the kingdom with earthen diyas (oil lamps) and set off firecrackers. Und auch an mich erinnerte man sich. Furthermore, it is, in some regions, a celebration of the day Lord Rama returned to his kingdom Ayodhya with his wife Sita and his brother Lakshmana after defeating Ravana in Lanka and serving 14 years of exile. The devotion and dedication of Hanuman pleased Rama so much that he blessed Hanuman to be worshipped before him. [116] The term "chhoti" means little, while "Naraka" means hell and "Chaturdashi" means "fourteenth". In Indien ist Diwali oder jedes andere Festival ohne Familie, Spaß und viele leckere Snacks und Süßigkeiten unvollständig. Was sind die fünf Tage von Diwali? Ram had a beautiful wife named Sita. (federal) = federal holidays, (abbreviation) = state/territorial holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (cultural) = holiday related to a specific racial/ethnic group or sexual minority, (week) = week-long holidays, (month) = month-long holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies Historically, Diwali can be traced back to ancient India. [139], In some rural communities of the north, west and central regions, the fourth day is celebrated as Govardhan puja, honouring the legend of the Hindu god Krishna saving the cowherd and farming communities from incessant rains and floods triggered by Indra's anger,[139] which he accomplished by lifting the Govardhan mountain. Zu wissen, wie man Diwali feiert, ist für viele von Interesse, da es eines der wichtigsten Festivals der Hindus ist, das in vielen Teilen der Welt, insbesondere in Indien, gefeiert wird. Dipavali ( दीवाली, dīvālī; दीपावली dīpāvalī) genannt, bedeutet „Lichterkette” und ist das populärste indische Fest. It most likely began as an important harvest festival. Each day has the following rituals and significance:[40], Dhanteras, derived from Dhan meaning wealth and teras meaning thirteenth, marks the thirteenth day of the dark fortnight of Kartik and the beginning of Diwali. Sikhs historically referred to this festival as Diwali. [104] According to some observers, this traditional celebration by Newar Buddhists in Nepal, through the worship of Lakshmi and Vishnu during Diwali, is not syncretism but rather a reflection of the freedom within Mahayana Buddhist tradition to worship any deity for their worldly betterment. She decreed that whosoever gambled on Diwali night would prosper throughout the ensuing year. Shopkeepers and small operations perform puja rituals in their office premises. [112], Rituals and preparations for Diwali begin days or weeks in advance, typically after the festival of Dusshera that precedes Diwali by about 20 days. For example, the Singaporean government, in association with the Hindu Endowment Board of Singapore, organises many cultural events during Diwali every year. Ik ben verkleed voor Diwali, man. [40], The puja and rituals in the Bengali Hindu community focus on Kali, the goddess of war, instead of Lakshmi. Sitting quietly and fixing the mind on this supreme light illuminates the soul. [11][12][77][78], The religious significance of Diwali varies regionally within India. In al deze jaren heb ik nog nooit zo'n gezegende Diwali gezien. In een speciale uitzending worden hindoes met elk hun eigen beleving van Diwali geportretteerd. The lights of Diwali also signify a time of inner illumination. Hindu temples on this day prepare and present "mountains of sweets" to the faithful who have gathered for darshan (visit). Generell darf sich die Frau erst selbst etwas zu essen nehmen, wenn der Mann, die Kinder und die Gaeste schon etwas zu essen haben. It is a time when people mingle about in joy and embrace one another. One tradition starts a new month from the new moon, while the other starts it from the full moon. Historical records appear inconsistent about the name of the lunar month in which Diwali is observed. It is a combination of two words— Deepa and Aavalihi. [7] The festival usually lasts five days and is celebrated during the Hindu lunisolar month Kartika (between mid-October and mid-November). [179], Scholars have stated that many factors contribute to the poor air quality in Delhi, and northern India, that accompanies the harvest festival of Diwali. [29][30] Newar Buddhists in Nepalese valleys also celebrate the Diwali festival over five days, in much the same way, and on the same days, as the Nepalese Hindu Diwali-Tihar festival. Major temples and homes are decorated with lights, festive foods shared with all, friends and relatives remembered and visited with gifts. [92] According to the Jain tradition, this practice of lighting lamps first began on the day of Mahavira's nirvana in 527 BCE,[note 9] when 18 kings who had gathered for Mahavira's final teachings issued a proclamation that lamps be lit in remembrance of the "great light, Mahavira". It was in early 20th-century, states Harjot Oberoi – a scholar of Sikh history, when the Khalsa Tract Society triggered by the. Im traditionellen Sinne sollte man an allen Stellen in seinem Haus brennende Kerzen oder Kerzen platzieren, um das Haus zu beleuchten. The Jains observe their own Diwali which marks the final liberation of Mahavira,[25][26] the Sikhs celebrate Bandi Chhor Divas to mark the release of Guru Hargobind from a Mughal Empire prison,[27] while Newar Buddhists, unlike other Buddhists, celebrate Diwali by worshipping Lakshmi, while the Hindus of Eastern India and Bangladesh generally celebrate Diwali, by worshipping goddess Kali. [43] The festival is an annual homecoming and bonding period not only for families,[41][108] but also for communities and associations, particularly those in urban areas, which will organise activities, events and gatherings. [105][40][81] On the evening of Dhanteras, families offer prayers (puja) to Lakshmi and Ganesha, and lay offerings of puffed rice, candy toys, rice cakes and batashas (hollow sugar cakes). In Jainism, Deepawali has the added significance of marking the great event of Lord Mahavira attaining the eternal bliss of nirvana. Unite and unify. Guru Amar Das, the third Guru of the Sikhs, built a well in Goindwal with eighty-four steps and invited Sikhs to bathe in its sacred waters on Baisakhi and Diwali as a form of community bonding. According to Jethva and others, the post-monsoon custom is to prepare the crop fields by deliberately burning the residual stubble between October and November. Diwali festivities include a celebration of sights, sounds, arts and flavours.