" His remark roused controversy and prompted criticism by prominent Israeli politicians, including Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Israeli President Reuven Rivlin. Mateusz Morawiecki is the prime minister of Poland. Poland Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki (File | AP) By AFP. Omissions? From 1996 to 2004 Morawiecki lectured at the Wrocław University of Economics, and from 1996 to 1998 also at the Wrocław University of Technology. Das Kabinett Morawiecki II bildet seit der Vereidigung am 15. He sat on policy committees at many institutions of higher education. In 2001 Morawiecki became a member of the management board of Bank Zachodni WBK, and in 2007 he was named the bank’s CEO. , On 16 November 2015, President Andrzej Duda appointed Mateusz Morawiecki as both Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Development in the Cabinet led by Prime Minister Beata Szydło. In August 1980 he plastered the streets of Wrocław with posters calling for a general strike. On 28 September 2016, in addition to his other positions, Morawiecki was appointed Minister of Finance, becoming the second most powerful member of the Government, overseeing the budget, government finances, European Union funds, and overall economic policy. He made a fleeting appearance in the world of politics between 1998 and 2002 when he was a regional councillor in Lower Silesia for the centre-right Solidarity Election Action. , In March 2018 a new Polish law took effect, banning nearly all commerce on Sundays, with supermarkets and most other retailers closed Sundays for the first time since liberal shopping laws were introduced in the 1990s. Relations between the … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In 1991 Morawiecki began work at Cogito Company and co-created two publishing firms, Reverentia and Enter Marketing-Publishing. As prime minister Morawiecki strove to advance his party’s advocacy of traditional family-oriented Roman Catholic values, but he continued to meld that conservative agenda for Polish society with a more typically leftist approach to the economy that further expanded social welfare programs that particularly benefited the PiS’s rural and small-town base. Throughout the 1990s and the first decade of the 21st century, Morawiecki remained independent politically, choosing not to join a political party. “From today on I will be working remotely.  After martial law was declared in 1981, he printed and distributed underground Solidarity magazines. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Mateusz-Morawiecki. "Rażąco narusza prawo, wydana bezpodstawnie, "Forum Ekonomiczne w Krynicy-Zdroju. ", Poland appoints ex-banker with Jewish roots as prime minister, Ministers of Sport and Tourism of the Republic of Poland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mateusz_Morawiecki&oldid=997576620, Knights of the Order of Polonia Restituta, Recipients of Cross of Freedom and Solidarity, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Economist, historian, magazine editor, politician, This page was last edited on 1 January 2021, at 05:50. We shall do everything to make Poland safe for everyone. Finally, in 2015, he was elected to the Sejm. Mateusz Morawiecki, (born June 20, 1968, Wrocław, Poland), Polish banker, economist, and politician who became prime minister of Poland in December 2017. He was sworn in as Prime Minister of Poland on 11 December, immediately appointing Szydło as his deputy. Prior to his political appointment, Morawiecki had an extensive business career. Poland is already under an EU investigative procedure over … He has been Prime Minister of Poland, since 11 December, 2017. , As other Visegrád Group leaders, Morawiecki opposes any compulsory EU long-term quota on redistribution of migrants. 90,353 talking about this. The rule of law issue is sensitive for both countries. , At the Munich Security Conference on 17 February that year, Morawiecki said "it is not going to be seen as criminal to say that there were Polish perpetrators, as there were Jewish perpetrators, as there were Russian perpetrators, as there were Ukrainian perpetrators, not only German perpetrators. WARSCHAU / BRÜSSEL - Polens Ministerpräsident Mateusz Morawiecki hat den auf dem EU-Gipfel in Brüssel ausgehandelten Kompromiss zur neuen Rechtsstaatsklausel als "doppelten Sieg" bezeichnet. Moreover, unemployment registered at an impressively low 7 percent. The recent Polish threat to veto the EU’s budget has ignited a discussion about the country’s future in the bloc. That same year he co-founded the magazine Dwa Dni (Two Days), later becoming editor-in-chief. In the meantime, Morawiecki served as deputy director of the Accession Negotiations Department in the Committee for European Integration in 1998. In 2007–15 Morawiecki was chairman of Bank Zachodni WBK. From 1998 to 2001 he was a member of the supervisory boards of the Wałbrzych Power Company, Dialog (a local telephone-service provider), and the Industrial Development Agency. Mateusz Morawiecki was born 20 June 1968 in Wrocław, southwest Poland, to Kornel Morawiecki, physicist and Fighting Solidarity leader, and his wife Jadwiga. Zuvor war er stellvertretender Ministerpräsident sowie Wirtschafts- und Finanzminister im Kabinett von Beata Szydło. Jeff Wallenfeldt, manager of Geography and History, has worked as an editor at Encyclopaedia Britannica since 1992. Dezember 2017 Ministerpräsident der Republik Polen (Kabinett Morawiecki I und II). In 1990 he sought the Polish presidency but failed to obtain the 100,000 signatures necessary to get him on the ballot. Morawiecki, 52, likened the EU's approach to the dictatorship Poland had "known well" during its decades under the communist regime, The Times reports. From 1998 to 2001 he sat on the supervisory boards of the Industrial Development Agency and the Electricity Board in Wrocław. Mateusz Morawiecki Prime Minister of Poland. With Poland under mounting international criticism for its treatment of its lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki accused Staszewski of … That month, former prime minster Kaczyński, the de facto leader of the PiS, oversaw a cabinet reshuffle in which Morawiecki, who had added deputy prime minster to his list of responsibilities in September 2016, replaced Szydło as prime minister. In the 2019 legislative election, Morawiecki was returned to the premiership when the PiS re-secured its solid majority in the 460-seat Sejm by duplicating its performance in the 2015 election and again garnering 235 seats. In 2013 he was awarded the Cross of Freedom and Solidarity. ", In early 2018, both chambers of the Polish parliament (the Sejm and Senate) adopted an Amendment to the Act on the Institute of National Remembrance criminalising the ascription to Poles collectively of complicity in World War II Jewish-genocide-related or other war crimes or crimes against humanity that had been committed by the Axis powers, and condemning use of the expression, "Polish death camp".  The crisis was resolved in late June that year when the Polish and Israeli prime ministers issued a joint communiqué endorsing research into the Jewish Holocaust and condemning the expression, "Polish concentration camps". In the 1980s, he edited an illegal political newspaper Lower Silesia Bulletin and was active in the Independent Students' Association. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Morawiecki is married to Iwona Morawiecka, with whom he has four children: two daughters (Olga and Magdalena) and two sons (Jeremiasz and Ignacy). Opposition by Pres. With its monopoly on national power disrupted, the PiS faced the possibility of seeing its juggernaut to transform Poland further stymied were Duda to lose the 2020 presidential election. "The EU tends to take its failures out on Poland … Morawiecki is of distant German descent. Update vom 14. Morawiecki followed his father into Fighting Solidarity and also became involved in an independent students’ union. Look after yourselves and be responsible. He obtained degrees in arts, business administration, and advanced studies. This opinion piece is published first on EURACTIV. , As Finance Minister, Morawiecki outlined an ambitious "Plan for Responsible Development", known colloquially as the "Morawiecki Plan", aimed at stimulating economic growth and raising revenues for generous government plans, including “Family 500+” child benefits for all families with two or more children. Finance Minister Mateusz Morawiecki, a former bank chairman in the Santander Group, was tapped Thursday to take charge of the Polish government as it gears up … Born in Wrocław, Morawiecki became heavily engaged in anti-communist movements in his youth. In May 2018, Morawiecki said: "Proposals by the European Union that impose quotas on us hit the very foundations of national sovereignty. In 2015, he became the recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta. The interview was published on December 3, 2020. But all the evil came from this (German) state and we cannot forget that, because otherwise we relativise evil. Updates? As a result, Szydło’s government was widely popular with Poles. While pursuing his education, Morawiecki also began his professional career in 1991. Polens Ministerpräsident Mateusz Morawiecki bekräftigt das Veto gegen den EU-Haushalt. Mateusz Morawiecki is a Polish politician, manager, banker, economist, lawyer, and historian. Mateusz Morawiecki, the prime minister, said that Poland had signed contracts for 45 million doses of a Covid-19 vaccine, which would be made available free of charge on a voluntary basis from February 2021. We explore Poland's handling of the coronavirus and Poland's role in the transatlantic relationship. Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki has gone into self-quarantine after coming into contact with someone who tested positive for the coronavirus. , In December 2017, Jarosław Kaczyński, the Chairman of the Law and Justice party, declared that he no longer had confidence in Beata Szydło to be the party's prime ministerial candidate, in part due to perceived conflict between her and other European Union leaders. On a call earlier this week with a group of EU leaders and European Council President Charles Michel, Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki was resolute in his opposition to … In 1996–97 he conducted banking and macroeconomic research at the University of Frankfurt. AN #ACFRONTPAGE EVENT - Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki is at the forefront during a critical moment for Poland, Central Europe, and the transatlantic community.  The Times of Israel also reported in 2017 that Morawiecki has "Jewish roots", however this claim has not been confirmed. In that capacity he helped negotiate conditions for Poland’s accession to the European Union (EU). Uchylamy rąbka tajemnicy! Beyond his familiarity with international finance, Morawiecki came into office committed to deregulation, private entrepreneurship, and the development of smart technologies. ", In July 2018 Morawiecki said he "will not rest" until "the whole truth" of the World War II-era massacres in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia have been explained. Mateusz Morawiecki Polens Regierungschef stellt überraschend Vertrauensfrage Nach langem Streit finden in Polen bald Wahlen statt. , In January 2018, following a highly public racist incident in Warsaw, Morawiecki declared: "There is no place in Poland for racism. A crisis like this can happen once every hundred years. He attended the University of Wrocław and extended his education at the Universities of Hamburg and Basel. At this time he also tried his hand at electoral politics, serving as a councillor in the nascent Lower Silesia Regional Assembly. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The party fared less well in the election for the Senate, losing its majority to the informal coalition that was formed by the three principal opposition parties (Civic Platform, PSL, and Left Alliance), which, with the help of three coalition-endorsed candidates, took control of the 100-seat chamber with 51 seats. Andrzej Duda stalled judicial reform, but revised legislation that had been framed by Duda was adopted by the Sejm in December 2017. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. , Morawiecki is an alumnus of the University of Wrocław (history, 1992), Wrocław University of Technology (1993), Wrocław University of Economics (Business Administration, 1995), the University of Hamburg (European Law and Economic Integration, 1995–97), and the University of Basel (European Studies, 1995–97). Mateusz Morawiecki, (born June 20, 1968, Wrocław, Poland), Polish banker, economist, and politician who became prime minister of Poland in December 2017. He earned a degree in history at the University of Wrocław (1992), but this was just the first stage of what would be Morawiecki’s extensive formal academic journey. Mateusz Jakub Morawiecki (English: Mohra-vetzky; Polish: [mɔraviˈɛtskʲi]; born 20 June 1968) is a Polish economist, historian, and politician who has been the Prime Minister of Poland since December 2017. In addition to leading the government, Morawiecki retained portfolios as finance minister and minister of development. Polens Ministerpräsident Mateusz Morawiecki (r) und sein ungarischer Amtskollege Viktor Orban … On 11 December 2017, Morawiecki was nominated as Prime Minister of Poland (premier) by the chief staff of the ruling Law and Justice party. In 2008 Morawiecki was made Honorary Consul of the Republic of Ireland in Poland. With Frank Emmert, he co-authored the first textbook on The Law of the European Union published in Poland.  In March 2017, he took part in a meeting of G20 finance ministers in Baden-Baden, becoming Poland's first-ever representative at that summit. One aunt was saved during the Jewish Holocaust by a Righteous among the Nations. From November 1998, Morawiecki worked for Bank Zachodni WBK from the Santander Group, where he was promoted to the position of managing director and eventually chairman.  In his first major address to Sejm, he pledged “continuity” rather than radical change. His political activism resulted not only in his arrest but also in him being beaten by communist security officers. He continued taking part in political demonstrations until the late 1980s and participated in occupation strikes at the University of Wroclaw in 1988 and 1989. Mateusz Morawiecki, the prime minister, has said Poland says a “loud yes” to EU membership but a “loud no to punishing mechanisms.” Morawiecki’s statements, made on Facebook on Monday, come in the wake of Poland’s and Hungary’s veto of the next EU budget because it included a mechanism linking funding with respect for the rule of law. He co-organized the Club for Political Thought "Free and Solidary". Yet, even as Poland moved increasingly in the direction of the autocratic “illiberal” democracy established by Viktor Orbán in Hungary, the Polish economy continued to hum admirably. Mateusz Jakub Morawiecki [maˈtɛuʃ jakub mɔraˈvjɛt͡ski] (* 20. While at the Wrocław University of Technology, he studied abroad at Central Connecticut State University and completed an advanced executive program at Northwestern University's Kellogg School of Management.. WARSAW: Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki on Saturday warned Poles … Ungarn und Polen blockieren Beschluss für EU-Corona-Hilfen.  (This took place soon after Mateusz Morawiecki's father, Kornel Morawiecki, was elected to Poland's lower chamber of the parliament and the Law and Justice party won the 2015 parliamentary elections.). In addition to navigating vehement EU opposition to Poland’s judicial changes, Morawiecki was faced with the challenge of defending the government’s refusal to adhere to EU policy regarding the acceptance of migrants and refugees fleeing turmoil in Africa and the Middle East. ", Od 15 September 2020, Wojewódzki sąd administracyjny (administrative court) (pl:Wojewódzki sąd administracyjny) in Warsaw ruled that the decision of Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki to hold the elections only by postal vote on 10 May 2020 was a "gross violation of the law and was issued without [legal] grounds" and violated article 7 of the Polish Constitution, article 157, paragraph 1 and article 187, paragraph 1 and 2 of the Electoral Code. His father, Kornel Morawiecki, a theoretical physicist, was an anti-communist dissident as a student, an early member of Solidarity, and the founder of Fighting Solidarity, a radical offshoot of Solidarity that refused to compromise with Poland’s communist government. Storyline In Poland: The Royal Tour, journalist Peter Greenberg is taken on a Royal Tour by the Prime Minister of Poland, Mateusz Morawiecki. However, Duda retained his office, narrowly besting his Civic Platform challenger, Rafał Trzaskowski, Warsaw’s liberal mayor. Owing at least partly to the efforts of Morawiecki, who became the finance minister and who joined the PiS in 2016, the Polish economy thrived during the two years of the government led by Szydło, growing at an annual rate of 4 percent in 2017. The attack on a girl because of her skin color deserves the strongest condemnation. In a debate on Wednesday night, Mateusz Morawiecki told Polish MPs that the EU was run by a "eurocrat" oligarchy which acts in the interests in nations such as Germany and France. With her position untenable, Szydło resigned, and Morawiecki quickly won internal party approval to be nominated as her successor. Morawiecki has appealed for talks with the protesters and opposition lawmakers to find a solution. Many pundits believed that Kaczyński was convinced that the polished, cosmopolitan Morawiecki was better equipped to win favour with the EU than Szydło, who remained in the cabinet as deputy prime minister. , Morawiecki with Theresa May, Brussels, Belgium 2017, Morawiecki with Emmanuel Macron, Brussels 2017, Morawiecki with Visegrád Group leaders, Budapest, Hungary 2018, Morawiecki with Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko, Munich, Germany 2018, Morawiecki with Mulatu Teshome, Warsaw, Poland 2018, Morawiecki with Mike Pence, Warsaw, Poland 2019, Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Amendment to the Act on the Institute of National Remembrance, massacres in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia, "Poland appoints ex-banker with Jewish roots as prime minister", "Kim jest kandydat na premiera Mateusz Morawiecki [SYLWETKA]", "Morawiecki o czasach PRL: Rzucałem koktajlami Mołotowa (...) do tej pory koledzy wspominają moje poranione plecy", "I Kadencja Sejmiku Województwa Dolnośląskiego", "Oficjalna strona Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej / Aktualności / Nominacje / Prezydent powołał rząd", "Polish reshuffle puts sights on prime minister", "Trillions needed to modernise Poland: deputy minister", "Morawiecki wśród ministrów finansów G20 - Gospodarka - rp.pl", "Rzeczy, które musisz wiedzieć o szczycie G20 | Ze świata", "Komitet Polityczny PiS desygnował Mateusza Morawieckiego na Premiera", Poland’s new PM won’t change anything after leadership swap, "No place for racism in Poland, says PM after attack on teen", Israel and Poland try to tamp down tensions after Poland’s ‘death camp’ law sparks Israeli outrage, Israel and Poland clash over proposed Holocaust law, The Controversy Around Poland’s Proposed Ban on the Term “Polish Death Camps”, "The Latest: Party head: Israel confirms Polish view on Nazis", "Polish MP: I hope my prime minister is being stupid and not ruthless", Benjamin Netanyahu attacks Polish PM for saying Jews were among perpetrators of the Holocaust, "Polish Embassy in Israel Vandalized After Polish PM's Controversial Remarks", "The Latest: Party Head: Israel Confirms Polish View on Nazis", https://www.usnews.com/news/business/articles/2018-03-11/most-stores-shut-in-poland-as-sunday-trade-ban-takes-effect, "Stores shut across Poland as Sunday shopping ban takes effect", "Sunday trading ban comes into effect in Poland", "Stores closed as Poland phases out Sunday shopping", "Refugee quotas 'hit foundations of national sovereignty': Polish PM", "Polish PM pledges to fight for 'whole truth' of WWII massacres", "Ukrainian nationalists plan protests against Polish anti-defamation law", "Polish PM to UK: 'Give us our people back, "Polish PM says Hitler's Germany responsible for Holocaust, not Nazis", "Sąd uchylił decyzję premiera w sprawie wyborów kopertowych.